Bleeding Gums and Loose Teeth

Gums can bleed because they are inflamed, most commonly the result of gingivitis, which itself is caused by a build up of plaque on the gum line.

Controlling bleeding gums usually involves professional cleaning, removing risk factors which may inflame the infection and initiating a program of personal oral hygiene.

What is it?

Bacteria found in plaque produces toxins or poisons that irritate the gums, which may cause them to turn red, swell and bleed easily. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth, causing pockets (spaces) to form. As periodontal diseases progress, the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds teeth in place deteriorate. If left untreated, this leads to tooth loss.

Dr. Mark Peddey is very conservative with treatment recommendations and he limits surgery to the areas where it is absolutely necessary. Periodontal procedures are available to regenerate the bone and gum tissue to their original function and cosmetic appearance.

Healthy gums are firm, pink and not sore. If gums bleed only occasionally it may not necessarily be because of gum disease but just over-aggressive brushing.

What causes bleeding gums?

Bleeding gums are caused by bacteria. Bacteria form plaque — a sticky, colourless film around the teeth and gum line. Besides poor or irregular oral hygiene, there can be aggravating factors which aide gum disease such as smoking, diabetes, stress or certain medications.

How can it be treated?

Bleeding gums are treated by reversing the progress of the bacteria and removing the risk factors that assist the bacteria, as well as professional cleaning and a personal oral hygiene plan. If greater damage has been done to the teeth or surrounding tissue other procedures may be necessary.